Course: Physiological Optics

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Course title Physiological Optics
Course code OPT/PGSFY
Organizational form of instruction Lecture
Level of course Doctoral
Year of study not specified
Semester Winter and summer
Number of ECTS credits 15
Language of instruction Czech, English
Status of course unspecified
Form of instruction Face-to-face
Work placements This is not an internship
Recommended optional programme components None
  • Řehák Jiří, prof. MUDr. CSc., FEBO
Course content
-Visual sense -Weber-Fechner's law -Description of a visual organ and auxiliary eye organs -Optical system of the eye -Schematic models of the eye, Gullstrand's eye, standard reduced eye -Principal and nodal points of the eye -Optical axis, visual axis -Ametropic eye -Visual acuity, central visual acuity and its measurement -Age depending progress and changes of visual acuity -Contrast sensitivity of the eye -Axial and refractive ametropia, myopia and hypermetropia -Astigmatism of the eye (regularis, irregularis, rectus, inversus, obliquus, corneal, total) -Influence of eye pupil on the retinal image formation -Depth of field -Spherical aberration -Stiles-Crawford effect -Pupil reflexes (direct and consensual) -Interrelationship of myosis, accommodation and convergence -Accommodation of the eye -Schachar's theory of accommodation -Far and near point of the eye -Range of accommodation -ACA ratio -Presbyopia -Investigation of refractive errors of the eye, objective and subjective methods -Correction of ametropia -Surgical correction of refractive errors -Spectacle lenses and contact lenses correction - comparison of image magnification, visual field and convergence -Aniseikonia, anisometropia, correction of aniseikonia -Correction of presbyopia -Structure of eye retina -Photoreceptors of the eye, rots and cones and their retinal distribution -Convergence of photoreceptors -Space summation -Spectral sensitivity of photoreceptors -Dissociation of rhodopsin by light and stimulation of photoreceptors -Regeneration of rhodopsin -Dark and light adaptation of the eye, adaptation curve -Photopic and scotopic vision -Purkinje shift -Receptive field and function of retinal neurons -Magnocellular and parvocellucar projection system -Bioelectrical activity of retina, electroretinogram -Colour vision -Trichromatic system of CIE -Trichromatic theory of colour vision -Hering's theory of opposite colours -Colour vision disorders and their investigation -Dichromacy, monochromacy -Anomaly trichromacy, disorders of colour sense -Description of visual track (from photoreceptors to cortex) -Projection of retinal image to the brain hemispheres -Visual field and its defects -Central and peripheral visual field -Kinetic and static perimetry -Binocular vision -Coordination of eye movements -Grades of binocular vision, anomaly of binocular vision -Binocular fixation. -Retinal correspondence and anomaly retinal correspondence -Fixation disparity -Horopter -Panum's space and area, single binocular vision -Spatial perception, spatial parallax -Measurement of stereopsis -Diplopia -Heterophoria, its measurement and treatment -Amblyopia and its treatment -Classification of amblyopia -Concomitant and incomitant strabismus -Eye movements -Conjugate and disjunctive movements -Fixation movements -Saccadic movements -Smooth tracking movements -Herign's and Sherington's law -Nystagmus -Optokinetic nystagmus -Diseased nystagmus -REM -Development of the eye and visual functions, ametropisation of the eye, development of binocular vision, empiristic and nativistic theory

Learning activities and teaching methods
Dialogic Lecture (Discussion, Dialog, Brainstorming)
Learning outcomes
Visual sense
Evaluation Evaluate the particular methods and principles, explain the aspects and results concerning the given issue, integrate the knowledge, predict the solutions, evaluate the results and outcomes.
No prior requirements.

Assessment methods and criteria
Oral exam

<ul> <li> Knowledge within the scope of the course topics (examination) </ul>
Recommended literature
  • Balí J., Bobek J. a další. (1974). Technický sborník oční optiky. Nakladatelství techn. literatury.
  • Divišová G. a spol. (1979). Strabismus. Avicenum.
  • Rozsíval, P. et al. (2006). Oční lékařství. Galén Karolinum.
  • Rutrle M. (1993). Brýlová optika. Institut pro další vzdělávání pracovníků ve zdravotnictví Brno.

Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Branch of study Category Recommended year of study Recommended semester