Course: Optics

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Course title Optics
Course code OPT/PO
Organizational form of instruction Lecture + Exercise
Level of course Bachelor
Year of study not specified
Semester Summer
Number of ECTS credits 8
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course Compulsory
Form of instruction Face-to-face
Work placements This is not an internship
Recommended optional programme components None
  • Baránek Michal, Mgr.
  • Bouchal Zdeněk, prof. RNDr. Dr.
Course content
1. Historical development of optics, origin and classification of optical radiation, light sources and detectors, optical properties of the eye, the perception of colors. 2. Propagation of EM radiation in vacuo, plane, spherical and paraboloidal waves, light intensity, optical media, index of refraction. 3. Spectral decomposition of light, phase and group velocity. Microscopic theory of absorption and dispersion, light scattering. 4. Description of the polarization states of light, passage of EM waves through dielectric interface. 5. Propagation of light in anisotropic media, description and realization of polarizing optical elements. 6. Interference and coherence of light, two-beam interference and its applications. 7. Multi-beams interference, reflective and anti-reflective layers. 8. Diffraction of light, classification and description of diffraction phenomena. Light diffraction on circular and rectangular apertures, diffraction of light on a grating. 9. Basic principles of holography. Diffraction limited resolution of optical systems. Principle of operation and applications of dispersive optical elements. 10. Principles of ray optics, optics of inhomogeneous medium, applications of gradient optical elements, Fermat's principle and its application. 11. Paraxial imaging, principle of operation and applications of basic optical elements and systems. 12. Modern optics: principle and applications of laser, basic phenomena of nonlinear optics, principles and application of electro-optics. 13. Demonstration of optical simulations in Oslo Premium and VirtualLab.

Learning activities and teaching methods
Monologic Lecture(Interpretation, Training)
  • Attendace - 78 hours per semester
Learning outcomes
Classification and methods of optics, basic optical phenomena and their applications, an overview of modern optics phenomena.
Knowledge of basic optical phenomena and their applications.
No prior requirements.

Assessment methods and criteria
Oral exam

Requirements for exam: knowledge within the scope specified by the syllabus. Requirements for credit: completion of both midterm and final tests.
Recommended literature
  • Fuka, J.; Havelka, B. (1961). Optika. SPN, Praha.
  • Kuběna, J. (1994). Úvod do optiky. MU Brno.
  • Pospíšil, J. (1983). Základy optiky I, část A a B. UP Olomouc.
  • Pospíšil, J. (1990). Základy vlnové optiky, část A a B. UP Olomouc.
  • Saleh, B.E.A., Teich, M.C. (1995). Základy fotoniky. český překlad Matfyzpress, UK Praha.

Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Branch of study Category Recommended year of study Recommended semester
Faculty of Science Applied Physics (1) Physics courses 2 Summer
Faculty of Science General Physics and Mathematical Physics (1) Physics courses 2 Summer
Faculty of Science Optics and Optoelectronics (1) Physics courses 2 Summer