Course: Phytopathology

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Course title Phytopathology
Course code BOT/FPP
Organizational form of instruction Lecture + Exercise
Level of course Master
Year of study not specified
Semester Winter
Number of ECTS credits 4
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course Compulsory-optional, Optional
Form of instruction Face-to-face
Work placements This is not an internship
Recommended optional programme components None
Lecturer(s)
  • Sedlářová Michaela, doc. RNDr. Ph.D.
  • Mieslerová Barbora, doc. RNDr. Ph.D.
  • Lebeda Aleš, prof. Ing. DrSc.
Course content
1. Introduction, causal agents of plant diseases, process of infection. 2. Distinguished personalities of phytopathology, plant diseases significant for mankind, trends of actual phytopathological research in the world. 3. Host-pathogen interactions, mechanisms of pathogenicity, mechanisms of plant resistence. 4. Pathogen recognition by the host, oxidative stress, ROS and RNS signaling. 5. Plant hormones and other signaling substances in defense. Induced resistance in plants (LAR, SAR, ISR, SIR, MIR) 6. Induced resistence - history of the research and use in plant protection. 7. Chemical plant protection - drugs, active substances, sensitivity changes in populations of fungal pathogens to fungicides. Biological control - the impact of the application of living organisms or their products for plant resistance to pathogens. Integrated crop protection. 8. Symptoms of the disease, pathological anatomy and cytology of plants. 9. Phytopathometry. Evaluating incidence of the disease. Epidemiology, influence of environmental conditions on the occurrence of pathogens, meteorology, forecasting models, remote sensing. 10. Phenotypic and molecular methods of studying pathogenic variability in populations of pathogens. Molecular markers of susceptibility and resistance, their use in breeding. 11. Case Study: Peronosporales "downy mildews" 12. Case Study: Erysiphales "powdery mildews" (Selected phytopathological topics in English - oral presentations of foreign lecturers)

Learning activities and teaching methods
Lecture, Projection (static, dynamic), Laboratory Work
Learning outcomes
To introduce selected topics from plant pathology, pathological physiology and plant protection, including current research in these fields.
After passing of the course the student should be able to: - explain basic terms and methods of plant pathology - classify biotic causal agents of diseases - characterize defence mechanisms of plants - propose methods of plant protection - discuss actual issues of phytopathological research
Prerequisites
-

Assessment methods and criteria
Oral exam, Seminar Work

Attendance to practicals, essay / data processing on PC
Recommended literature
  • & McDowell, J. M. (2011). Plant immunity: methods and protocols. New York, N.Y: Humana Press.
  • & Parker, J. (2009). Molecular aspects of plant disease resistance. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell.
  • & Sessa, G. (2013). Molecular plant immunity. Ames, Iowa: Wiley-Blackwell.
  • Agrawal, A. A., Tuzun, S., & Bent, E. (1999). Induced plant defenses against pathogens and herbivores: biochemistry, ecology, and agriculture. St. Paul, Minn: APS Press.
  • Agrios, G.N. (2005). Plant Pathology. Elsevier Academic Press.
  • Prell, H. H., & Day, P. R. (2010). Plant-fungal pathogen interaction: a classical and molecular view. Berlin: Springer.
  • Šutic, D.D., Sinclair, J.B. (1991). Anatomy and Physiology of Diseased Plants.. Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA.
  • Walters, D. (2011). Plant defense: warding off attack by pathogens, herbivores, and parasitic plants. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell.


Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Branch of study Category Recommended year of study Recommended semester
Faculty of Science Botany (2015) Biology courses - Winter
Faculty of Science Teaching Training in Biology for Secondary Schools (2015) Pedagogy, teacher training and social care 2 Winter