Course: Anthropology

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Course title Anthropology
Course code KAZ/BANTP
Organizational form of instruction Lecture
Level of course Bachelor
Year of study not specified
Semester Summer
Number of ECTS credits 2
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course unspecified
Form of instruction Face-to-face
Work placements This is not an internship
Recommended optional programme components None
Lecturer(s)
  • Zemánek Petr, Mgr. Ph.D.
Course content
Ontogenetic development. Basic developmental processes (proliferation, differentiation, migration, inductive interactions of cells, cell recognition, growth, morphogenetic cell death). Prenatal development. Progenesis, gametogenesis (spermatogenesis, oogenesis). Fertilization. Development of eggs after fertilization. Development of embryo and foetus during individual months of pregnancy, placental function. Pregnancy (full-term and mature foetus). Parturition (stages of labour), signs of full-term foetus. The effect of negative external factors on the development of embryo and foetus during pregnancy (the effect of teratogenic factors). Characteristics of somatic development of an individual in newborn, infant, toddle and preschool age. School readiness. School age. Division of school age. Characteristics of younger school age. Older school age (puberty), main physical changes during puberty, factors impacting the onset of puberty, hormonal control of puberty, pubertal growth spurt. Puberty in girls. Puberty in boys. Secondary sexual characteristics. Characteristics of adolescence, adulthood and old age. Causes of aging. Biological age. Term definition, relation between biological and chronological age. Methods for diagnosing biological age in children, practical use. Determining biological age in adults. Term definition, changes during aging, methods for determining biological age in adults. The significance of determining biological age in adults. Secular trend. Definition of the term secular trend, secular acceleration and secular retardation. Theory and causes of secular acceleration. Factors affecting growth. Genetic and environmental factors, affecting growth. Patterns of physical growth, Regularities of developmental process. Hormonal control of growth in the postnatal period. Prenatal growth control. An overview of growth disorders. The causes of excessive growth (physiological variants, real precocious puberty, precocious pseudopuberty, endocrinopathy, dysmorphic symptoms). Causes for growth retardation. Familiar stature, constitutional delay of puberty, endocrine disorders, systemic disease, genetic disorders. Introduction to human evolution. Animistic ideas about human evolution and creation theories. The theory of evolution. Systematic classification of humans into the animal kingdom. Differences and common characteristics of humans and apes. Origin and evolution of primates. The theory of hominids origination. Australopithecus, Homo habilis, Homo erectus. Sapientation. The theory of modern man origination (monocentrism, multiregional theory). Homo sapiens. Indirect evidence of human evolution (rudiments, atavisms).

Learning activities and teaching methods
Lecture, Dialogic Lecture (Discussion, Dialog, Brainstorming)
  • Attendace - 26 hours per semester
  • Preparation for the Course Credit - 10 hours per semester
Learning outcomes
The aim of Anthropology discipline is for the students to gain a comprehensive overview of human evolution as a species (the theory of phylogenesis fundamentals), as well as an individual (ontogenetic development). Emphasis is mainly on individual stages of an individual?s development, commencing with prenatal development. It clarifies the effect of internal and external factors on the development of Man, and deals with the patterns of physical growth and development.
Student will be able to: - Define Anthropology - Describe the various disciplines anthropology - Analyze the relationships between disciplines
Prerequisites
The prerequisite is completion: - The subject of biology in the context of grammar school curriculum - Study biology disciplines the child and adolescent

Assessment methods and criteria
Mark, Oral exam, Written exam

Participation in education Essay Theoretical homework
Recommended literature
  • Bláha, P. Krejčovský, L., Jiroutová, L., Kobzobá, J., Sedlák, P., Brabec, M. Riedlová, J. a Vignerová, J. (2006). Somatický vývoj současných českých dětí. Semilongitudinální studie. Praha.
  • Bláha, P., Susanne, CH., Rebato, E. et al. (2007). Essentials of Biological Anthropology (Selected Chapters).. Praha: Karolinum.
  • Kopecký, M. (2006). Somatický a motorický vývoj 7 až 15letých chlapců a dívek v olomouckém regionu. Olomouc: Univerzita Palackého, 2006. 192 s. ISBN 80-244-1281-0. Olomouc: UP.
  • Riegerová, J., Přidalová, M., & Ulbrichová, M. (2006). Aplikace fyzické antropologie v tělesné výchově a sportu: (příručka funkční antropologie). Olomouc: Hanex.
  • Soukup, V. (2004). Dějiny antropologie. Praha.
  • Šmahel, Z. (2005). Příběh lidského rodu .. Brno: Moravské zemské muzeum.


Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Branch of study Category Recommended year of study Recommended semester