Course: Child Biology and Hygiene

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Course title Child Biology and Hygiene
Course code KAZ/BDZV2
Organizational form of instruction Lecture
Level of course Master
Year of study not specified
Semester Summer
Number of ECTS credits 3
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course Compulsory
Form of instruction Face-to-face
Work placements This is not an internship
Recommended optional programme components None
  • Zemánek Petr, Mgr. Ph.D.
Course content
1. Cell - structure, function of organelles, cell division. Tissues: epithelial, connective, muscle and nerve. 2. Skeletal system - the shape, surface, internal structure, growth and development, bone connections. skeleton of the torso (spine, chest), skull bone, upper and lower extremities skeleton. 3. Muscular system - structure, composition and properties of skeletal muscles. Description of major muscle groups. 4. Blood - quantity, composition and functions of blood. The heart - shape, structure and activity. Blood vessels - structure (arteries, capillaries, veins). The heart - greater and lesser blood circulation. 5. Lymphatic system. 6. Respiratory system - external and internal respiration, nose, nasal cavity, larynx, trachea, lungs. 7. Digestive system - oral cavity, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, pancreas, liver. 8. Excretory system - kidneys, urinary tract. 9. Cutaneous system - skin structure, additional skin formations, body temperature and its control. 10. Visual system - eye structure, additional eye organs. Organs of hearing and static equilibrium. Cutaneous sense organs (cold, heat, pressure, pain), gustatory and olfactory organs. 11. Nervous system ? division, structure, nerve cells and the reflex arch. 12.Nervous system - the dorsal spinal cord, medulla oblongata, pons Varolii, cerebellum, midbrain,. Nervous system - Diencephalon, Cerebrum. 13. Peripheral nerves - Cranial nerves. Peripheral nerves - spinal nerves and vegetative nerves. 14. Glands with internal secretion. 15. Male genital tract. Female genital tract. 16. General principles of first aid. 17. First aid for external bleeding (pressure points, pressure bandage, tourniquet). First aid for bleeding from natural body orifices. First aid for internal bleeding. 18. States of shock ? causes of shock occurrence, the main types of shocks, stages of shock development, first aid for shock. Impairment of consciousness and unconsciousness, recovery position. 19. First aid for sprains and dislocations. First aid for fractures ? general principles, using improvised means. First aid for fractures of upper and lower extremities, for cerebro-cranial injuries, for injuries of spine and spinal cord. First aid for thoracic (pneumotorax) and pelvic injuries. 20. Emergency resuscitation ? obstruction of airways, apnea, ways of removing foreign bodies from airways, artificial ventilation mouth to patient, ventilation methods. 21. Emergency resuscitation ? blood circulation arrest. Causes, signs of sudden cardiac arrest, indirect heart massage. Procedure for circulatory resuscitation in adults, children and infants.

Learning activities and teaching methods
Lecture, Monologic Lecture(Interpretation, Training), Dialogic Lecture (Discussion, Dialog, Brainstorming), Training in job and motor Skils
Learning outcomes
Child Biology and Hygiene 2 covers anatomy and physiology of individual organ systems of human organism. The of the discipline is also to provide students with a set of theoretical knowledge and practical skills, the knowledge of which is essential for provision of premedical first aid.


Assessment methods and criteria
Mark, Oral exam, Written exam, Student performance

elaboration of seminar thesis on a selected topic
Recommended literature
  • Bydžovský, J. (2006). První pomoc. Praha : Grada.
  • Havlínová, M., Kopřiva, P., Mayer, I a Vildová, Z. (1998). Program podpory zdraví ve škole. Rukověť projektu Zdravá škola. Praha.
  • Kopecký, M., Kikalová, K., Bezděková, M., Hřivnová, M., Majerová, J. (2010). Somatologie. Olomouc.
  • Machová, J. (2002). Biologie člověka pro učitele. Praha.

Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Branch of study Category Recommended year of study Recommended semester
Faculty of Education Teaching at primary schools (1) Pedagogy, teacher training and social care 1 Summer