Course: Biology of child and adolescents

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Course title Biology of child and adolescents
Course code KAZ/BKBDA
Organizational form of instruction Lecture + Seminary
Level of course Bachelor
Year of study not specified
Semester Summer
Number of ECTS credits 2
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course unspecified
Form of instruction Face-to-face
Work placements This is not an internship
Recommended optional programme components None
  • Tománková Kristína, RNDr. PhD.
Course content
1. Ontogenetic development periodisation. Embryonic and fetal period. Pregnancy, parturition, signs of full-term foetus. 2. Division of human age. Period of newborn, infant, toddler, preschool age. School age (younger school age, older school age). Adolescent age and other developmental periods of human age. 3. Cell: structure, function of organelles, cell division. Tissues: epithelial, connective, muscle and nerve. 4. Skeletal system: the shape, surface, internal structure, growth and development, bone connections. Skeletal system: Skeleton of the torso (spine, chest), skull bone, upper and lower extremities skeleton. 5. Muscular system: structure, composition and properties of muscles. Description of major muscle groups. 6. Blood: quantity, composition and functions of blood. The heart: shape, structure and activity. Blood vessels: structure (arteries, capillaries, veins). Greater and lesser blood circulation. 7. Lymphatic system. Structure and functions of the spleen. 8. Respiratory system: external and internal respiration, nose, nasal cavity, larynx, trachea, lungs. 9. Digestive system: oral cavity, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, pancreas, liver. 10. Excretory system: kidneys, urinary tract. Cutaneous system: skin structure, additional skin formations. 11. Visual system: eye structure, additional eye organs. Organs of hearing and equilibrium. Gustatory and olfactory organs. 12. Nervous system: the reflex arch, the dorsal spinal cord, medulla oblongata, pons Varolii, cerebellum, midbrain, Diencephalon, Cerebrum. 13. Cranial nerves, spinal nerves, autonomic nervous system. 14. System of glands with internal secretion. 15. Male sexual system. Female sexual system.

Learning activities and teaching methods
  • Attendace - 13 hours per semester
  • Homework for Teaching - 13 hours per semester
Learning outcomes
This course is to acquaint students with the basics of human anatomy and physiology. Discussed in particular the principles of growth and development in ontogenesis with an emphasis on morphological and physiological traits of school and adolescent age.
Students will be able to characterize the different stages of human ontogenesis. Students will be able to describe and explain the basic structure and function of the human body, taking into account the specifics of different age.
Graduation of Human anatomy in the range of grammar school study.

Assessment methods and criteria
As successful graduation of a test.
Recommended literature
  • Goldmann, R., Cichá, M. (2002). Základy pediatrie pro pedagogy. Olomouc.
  • Klementa, J., Machová, J., Malá, H. (1981). Somatologie a antropologie. Praha : SPN.
  • Kotulán, J. (2000). Zdravotní nauka pro pedagogy. Brno: Masarykova Univerzita.
  • Machová, J. (1994). Biologie člověka pro speciální pedagogy. Praha: Karolinum.
  • Malá, H., Klementa, J. (1985). Biologie dětí a dorostu. Praha.
  • Suchý, J. et al. (1970). Biologie dítěte pro pedagogické fakulty. Praha : SPN.

Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Branch of study Category Recommended year of study Recommended semester