Course: Somatology F2

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Course title Somatology F2
Course code KAZ/FYZS2
Organizational form of instruction Lecture + Exercise
Level of course Master
Year of study not specified
Semester Summer
Number of ECTS credits 5
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course unspecified
Form of instruction Face-to-face
Work placements This is not an internship
Recommended optional programme components None
Course content
Physiological functions, internal environment, humoral and neuronal control mechanisms, organ systems physiology. Dynamic stability of internal environment (homeostasis) ? preserving body?s integrity. Body fluids, composition and volumes. Biological membranes. Cell membranes and mechanisms, involved in transporting substances through membranes. Blood physiology and its functions. Blood composition, blood components? functions, blood groups, blood transfusion. Specific and nonspecific immunity. Physiology of cardiovascular apparatus. Cardiac cycles, heart operation and performance, the energetics of cardiac activity. External symptoms of cardiac activity. Electric activity of the myocardium. Electrocardiography. Haemodynamics,its specificities in the lungs, the heart muscle and the brain. Blood pressure and the influencing factors, measuring blood pressure. Regulating the activities of cardiovascular apparatus. Physiology of respiration. Respiration. Pulmonary volumes and capacities, physiological values and measurement options. Types of respiration, respiratory pattern, controlled respiration. Pneumothorax. Respiration in changed conditions (hypoxia, hyperoxia). Digestion and absorption. Motor and secretion activities. Physiology of matters and energies transformation. General principles of metabolism. Metabolism of carbohydrates, fats and proteins. Measuring energy conversion. Food and liquid intake, intake control. Good nutrition principles, the task of vitamins, minerals and trace elements. Functional morphology of the kidneys. The occurence of urine. The role of kidneys in homeostasis. Mechanisms maintaining constant temperature. Glands of internal secretion. Mechanism of hormonal actuation. Endocrine pancreatic function. Glands of internal section. Reproduction physiology. Neurophysiology. Nervous system structure. Spinal cord (spinal shock), medulla oblongata, cerebellum, brain stem and cortex. Memory. Autonomic nervous system.

Learning activities and teaching methods
Lecture, Demonstration, Laboratory Work
  • Attendace - 26 hours per semester
  • Preparation for the Exam - 70 hours per semester
  • Homework for Teaching - 42 hours per semester
Learning outcomes
Physiology results from previous knowledge of anatomy, biology, chemistry (biochemistry) and physics (biphysics). It provides an overall perspective on the functions of the body as a whole, and its individual systems, from molecular up to the organ level.
The student after the course should be able to: explain the principles of operation of all systems of the human organism and governance mechanisms.
Basic knowledge of human anatomy.

Assessment methods and criteria
Mark, Oral exam

90% participation in tutorials
Recommended literature
  • BRAVENÝ, P. et al. (1995). Stručný přehled lékařské fyziologie. Brno: LF MU, 1995.. Brno: LF MU.
  • Merkunová, A.,Orel, M. (2008). Anatomie a fyziologie člověka pro humanitní obory.. Praha.
  • Mourek J. (2005). Fyziologie učebnice pro studenty zdravotnických oborů. Grada.
  • Pokorný, J. a kol. (2001). Přehled fyziologie člověla. Praha, Karolinum.
  • Rokyta R. a kol. (2000). Fyziologie. ISV nakladatelství, Praha.

Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Branch of study Category Recommended year of study Recommended semester