Course: Voice, Speech and Hearing

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Course title Voice, Speech and Hearing
Course code KBF/HRS
Organizational form of instruction Lecture + Exercise
Level of course Bachelor
Year of study not specified
Semester Winter
Number of ECTS credits 4
Language of instruction Czech, English
Status of course Compulsory-optional
Form of instruction Face-to-face
Work placements This is not an internship
Recommended optional programme components None
Course availability The course is available to visiting students
Lecturer(s)
  • Švec Jan, RNDr. Ph.D.
Course content
- Anatomy of the voice and speech organs, breathing airways and larynx, cartillaginous laryngeal skeleton, muscles and nerves of the vocal folds, tissue structure of the vocal folds. - Fundamental characteristics of sound. Periodic and non-periodic sounds, their waveform and spectrum. Fundamental bioacoustic characteristics of voice and speech - fundamental frequency, volume and sound specrum. - Voice production in humans. Source-filter theory. - Vocal fold vibrations, adjustment of fundamental frequency, volume and voice registers. - Production of vowels in the cavities of the vocal tract, cavity resonances, acoustic differences in vowels - vowel formants. - Human voice range, its measurement and display through a voice range profile. - Voice disorders and basics of their treatment, voice hygiene. - Speech: vowels and consonants, articulation, acoustic analysis of speech, spectrography, automatic recognition of speech. - Acoustic and physiologic methods of voice evaluation. Microphones, their frequency and directional characteristics, "proximity effect". Basics of sound digitization. Spectral analysis of voice and speech. Electroglottography (EGG), photoglottography, pneumotachography, direct and indirect measurement of subglottal pressure, Laryngoscopic methods: laryngoscopy, strobolaryngoscopy, high-speed laryngeal imaging, videokymography. - Hearing: anatomy of the hearing organ (outer, middle and inner ear), theories of hearing, inner and outer hair cells, air and bone conduction. - Hearing range. Hearing threshold. Sound intensity and intensity level. Sound pressure and sound pressure level. Loudness level. Equal loudness contours, fundaments of psychoacoustics. - Methods of hearing examination, basics of audiology: hearing tests with pitch forks, audiogram, tympanography, otoacoustic emissions, BERA. - Hearing impairment and its correction, hearing aids.

Learning activities and teaching methods
Lecture
  • Preparation for the Exam - 24 hours per semester
  • Homework for Teaching - 10 hours per semester
  • Attendace - 36 hours per semester
Learning outcomes
Basic knowledge on the topic of voice and speech production in humans and on human hearing.
Knowledge Define the main ideas and conceptions of the subject, describe the main approaches of the studied topics, recall the theoretical knowledge for solution of model problems.
Prerequisites
Natural interest in voice, speech and hearing is an advantage

Assessment methods and criteria
Mark

- Passing oral exam - Completing homeworks - Passing possible tests during the semester
Recommended literature
  • Vybrané časopisecké publikace.
  • Dršata, J. a kol. Foniatrie - hlas, Havlíčkův Brod: Tobiáš, 2011.
  • Havlík R. (2008). Sluchadlová propedeutika. Brno:Národní centrum ošetrovatelství a nelékarských zdravotnických oboru.
  • Mrázková, E., Mrázek, J., Lindovská, M. (2006). Základy audiologie a objektivní audiometrie. Medicínské a sociální aspekty sluchových vad, Ostrava: Ostravská univerzita, Zdravotně sociální fak.
  • Palková, Z. (1994). Fonetika a fonologie češtiny. Praha: Karolinum.
  • Sedláček Karel. (1956). Základy audiologie. Praha: Státní zdravotnické nakladatelství.
  • Švec. J. (1996). Studium mechanicko-akustických vlastností lidského hlasu. Olomouc: Univerzita Palackého, Přírodovědecká fakulta, Katedra experimentální fyziky.
  • Švec, J.G. (2014). Hlas, řeč, sluch (soubor přednáškových materiálů). KBF Př.F. Olomouc.
  • Titze, I. R. (2000). Principles of voice production (second printing). Iowa City, IA: National Center for Voice and Speech.


Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Branch of study Category Recommended year of study Recommended semester
Faculty of Science Biophysics (2015) Physics courses 2 Winter
Faculty of Science Experimental Biology (2016) Biology courses 3 Winter