Course: Molecular Biology of Mutagens

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Course title Molecular Biology of Mutagens
Course code KBF/PGSBM
Organizational form of instruction Lecture
Level of course Doctoral
Year of study not specified
Semester Winter and summer
Number of ECTS credits 20
Language of instruction Czech, English
Status of course unspecified
Form of instruction Face-to-face
Work placements This is not an internship
Recommended optional programme components None
Lecturer(s)
  • Brabec Viktor, prof. RNDr. DrSc.
  • Kašpárková Jana, prof. RNDr. Ph.D.
Course content
- Introduction: Chemical compounds as mutagens and carcinogens, mutations, origin and types of mutations - Basic properties of nucleic acids: Chemical composition, structure and properties of nucleic acids. Mechanism of transfer of genetic information and its changes (replication, transcription). Determination of nucleotide sequence of nucleic acids (endonucleases, exonucleases, restriction enzymes, chemical /Maxam-Gilbert/ method, the chain-termination /Sanger/ method) - brief repetition of knowledge from molecular biology and biophysics - Reactions of mutagens, carcinogens and cytostatics: direct reactions, metabolic activation; cytostatics- types of most frequently used cytostatics, determination of targets of their effects. - Repair of damaged DNA in mammalian cells a) total repair b) excision repair : base excision repair, nucleotide excision repair, mismatch repair, c) repair of double strand breaks, d) tolerant repair - Methods used to study reactions of mutagens, carcinogens and cytostatics with DNA: a) DNA binding, detection and characterizations of DNA adducts of carcinogens, sequence preference of DNA binding, b) formation of interstrand cross-links, c) alterations of conformation and stability of DNA d) reactions with cellular proteins and repair of damaged DNA, e) methods and procedures for determination of mutagenicity of chemical compounds.

Learning activities and teaching methods
Lecture, Work with Text (with Book, Textbook)
  • Preparation for the Exam - 80 hours per semester
  • Homework for Teaching - 26 hours per semester
Learning outcomes
Chemical substances as mutagens and cancerogens, mutation.
Knowledge Define the main ideas and conceptions of the subject, describe the main approaches of the studied topics, recall the theoretical knowledge for solution of model problems.
Prerequisites
Basic knowledge of molecular and general biophysics and molecular biology.

Assessment methods and criteria
Oral exam

Knowledge to pass the examination.
Recommended literature
  • Nicolini, C. (1983). Biophysics of Cancer. Plenum Press, New York.
  • Rick, N. G. (2004). Drugs. From Discovery to Approval. Wiley, Hoboken.
  • Singer, B., Grunberger, D. (1983). Molecular Biology of Mutagens and Carcinogens. Plenum Press, New York.


Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Branch of study Category Recommended year of study Recommended semester