Course: Biological Physics

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Course title Biological Physics
Course code KEF/BFY
Organizational form of instruction Lecture
Level of course Bachelor
Year of study not specified
Semester Winter
Number of ECTS credits 2
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course Compulsory-optional
Form of instruction Face-to-face
Work placements This is not an internship
Recommended optional programme components None
Lecturer(s)
  • Kubínek Roman, doc. RNDr. CSc.
Course content
Natural and artificial radioactivity, characterization of ionizing radiation. Types of radioactive decay. The interaction of ionizing radiation with matter. Biological effects of ionizing radiation. Protection against ionizing radiation. Detection of ionizing radiation . The use of ionizing radiation in the treatment and diagnosis. Optical radiation. Properties radiation. Sources and detectors of optical radiation. Optical methods and instrumentation. Visible light. The theory of color vision. Adaptation to light and darkness. Eye and vision defects. Ultraviolet and infrared radiation. The use of thermal energy in medicine. Biophysics thermoregulation. Biophysics of cells. The electric current. Electrical properties of tissues and organs. Conducting of the electrical current in tissues. Bias membrane potential, action potential Bioelectric manifestations and use of action potentials in the diagnosis . Electrodiagnostic methods (ECG , EEG , EMG ?) Acoustics. Basic concepts. Physiological acoustics. The hearing system. Audiometry. Effects of noise on the organism. Infrasound. Ultrasound. Generating ultrasound. The biological effects of ultrasound. Diagnostic ultrasound use. Therapeutic use of ultrasound. Introduction to Nuclear Medicine. Definition field. Radiopharmaceuticals. Radionuclide diagnostic methods. Detection techniques in nuclear medicine. Principle scintillation detector. Devices for personal protection and dosimetry. The possibility of using gamma camera, PET , SPECT . Introduction to Radiology. X-rays, braking and characteristic X-rays. Detection of X-ray contrast agents. CT, NMR.

Learning activities and teaching methods
Lecture
  • Attendace - 24 hours per semester
Learning outcomes

Getting of overview about the interdisciplinary nature of the bio-physics and the ability to understand the applications of physics in biology and biomedicine...
Prerequisites
Secondary school knowledges of Physics, Biology and Chemistry

Assessment methods and criteria
Mark, Seminar Work

Knowledges of lectured themes
Recommended literature
  • Hálek, J. a kol. (1996). Biofyzika pro bakaláře. Olomouc: Vydavatelství UP.
  • Hrazdira, I. (1996). Biofyzika. Praha: UK.
  • Hrazdira, I., Mornstein, V., Bourek, A., Škorpíková, J., & Mornstein, V. (2007). Fundamentals of biophysics and medical technology. Brno: Masarykova univerzita.
  • Kala, M.; Kubínek, R. (2000). Nemocnice aneb rukověť zvídavého pacienta. Rubico Olomouc.


Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Branch of study Category Recommended year of study Recommended semester
Faculty of Science Nanotechnology (1) Special and interdisciplinary fields 1 Winter