Course: Physical Basis of Nanotechnologies

« Back
Course title Physical Basis of Nanotechnologies
Course code KEF/FZN
Organizational form of instruction Lecture
Level of course Master
Year of study not specified
Semester Winter
Number of ECTS credits 2
Language of instruction Czech, English
Status of course Optional
Form of instruction Face-to-face
Work placements This is not an internship
Recommended optional programme components None
Course availability The course is available to visiting students
  • Tuček Jiří, doc. Mgr. Ph.D.
Course content
1. Nanotechnology and nanostructures - definitions of basic terms in the nanoworld, history, development and current tendencies of nanotechnologies, classification of nanomaterials (nanoparticles, nanopowders, nanocomposites, ferrofluids, colloids, amorphous materials, etc.) 2. Physical phenomena in the nanoworld - introduction to the physics of solid state, crystal structures of materials (geometry of crystal lattice, symmetry of crystals, reciprocal lattice space), oscillations of crystal lattice - phonons, failures in solids (vacancies, impure atoms, cracks, dislocations, etc.), basics of band theory of solids, dependence of properties of materials on their sizes (critical sizes), overview of basic physical phenomena in the nanoworld, quantum tunneling, intermolecular surface forces 3. Nanoparticles, nanoclusters, quantum wires and quantum dots - their physical description and applications 4. Mechanical properties of nanostructures - behaviour of Young modulus on size of the particles, Hall-Petch equation for nanomaterials 5. Electrical properties of nanostructures - band model of nanostructures and its dependence on particle sizes, conductivity of nanomaterials, permittivity of nanomaterials 6. Optical and transport properties of nanostructures - interaction electromagnetic radiation with a matter - phenomenological description, optical constants, non-linear refractive index 7. Single-electron tunneling and superconductivity in the context of nanostructured materials

Learning activities and teaching methods
Monologic Lecture(Interpretation, Training)
  • Homework for Teaching - 20 hours per semester
  • Preparation for the Course Credit - 40 hours per semester
  • Attendace - 26 hours per semester
Learning outcomes
The aim of the lecture is to transfer to the students the current knowledge concening the physical basis of nanotechnologies, familiarize the students with physical phenomena in the nanoworld and how the physical properties change upon decreasing the size of a material; dependence of physical features of (nano)materials on their dimensionality.
Define basic terms in the field of physical basis of nanotechnologies, describe main approaches when studying physical properties of systems in the nanoworld, demonstrate the understanding of various issues and apply the acquired knowledge for solution of model problems.

Assessment methods and criteria
Oral exam

Class attendance. Knowledge of the course topics, ability to discuss about the course topics in wider contexts.
Recommended literature
  • zápisy z přednášek.
  • Bassasi, F.; Pastori Parravicini, G. (1975). Electronic and Optical Properties of Solids. Pergamon Press.
  • Borisenko, V.E., Ossicini, S. (2004). What is What in the Nanoworld. A Handbook of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology. Wiley-VCh, Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinhein.
  • Dvořák L. (1993). Úvod do fyziky kondenzovaných látek. UP Olomouc.
  • Ferry, D. K., Goodnick, S. M. (1997). Transport in Nanostructures. Cambridge University Press.
  • Israelachvili, J. N. (1985). Intermolecular and Surface Forces. Academic Press, London.
  • Kittel, C. (1996). Introduction to Solid State Physics. John Wiley & Sons, New York.
  • Poole Ch.P, Owens F.J. (2003). Introduction to Nanotechnology. John Wiley & Sons, New Jersey.
  • Singleton, J. (2001). Band Theory and Electronic Properties of Solids. Oxford University Press.

Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Branch of study Category Recommended year of study Recommended semester
Faculty of Science Applied Physics (2015) Physics courses 1 Winter