Course: Medical Biophysics

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Course title Medical Biophysics
Course code KEF/LBF
Organizational form of instruction Lecture
Level of course Bachelor
Year of study not specified
Semester Summer
Number of ECTS credits 4
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course Compulsory-optional, Optional
Form of instruction Face-to-face
Work placements This is not an internship
Recommended optional programme components None
Lecturer(s)
  • Kubínek Roman, doc. RNDr. CSc.
Course content
Introduction - scope and main aims of medical physics and its position in medicine Molecular biophysics - molecular properties of gases, liquids and solids, laws about gases and their meaning for breathing, solubility of gases in liquids, adsorption Viscosity of liquids and blood flow - water and its properties, distribution and role of water in organism, disperse systems (solutions), diffusion and osmosis, osmotic pressure and its biological importance, izotonia Biophysics of cells and biopotencials - Structure and properties of biological membrane, ion composition of body fluids, resting membrane potential, action potential, origin and propagation of action potential Intrinsic and mediated biosignals - sensors and detectors Action potential of heart and brain - function of conversion heart system, EKG scanning, basic profile of the curve, electric heart axis Byophysics of blood circulation - heart as a pump, minute heart output, blood pressure, behaviour and regulation, measurement of blood pressure Properties of blood and blood vessels - peripheral resistance, mechanic work and power of heart, transcapillary exchange of fluids, mechanism of swelling formation Biomechanics of breathing - vital capacity and pulmonary capacity, investigation methods of respiratory system Biophysics of sense perception - general principles, visual analyzer, colour and stereoscopic vision, vision defects and their corrections, acoustic analyzer, biophysics of hearing, investigation of ear, hearing defects and their corrections, audiometry Diagnostic physical methods in medicine (introduction) - CT, MRI, PET, SPECT, ultrasound diagnostics

Learning activities and teaching methods
Lecture
Learning outcomes
<ul> Scope and main aims of medical physics and its position in medicine.
Knowledge Define the main ideas and conceptions of the subject, describe the main approaches of the studied topics, recall the theoretical knowledge for solution of model problems.
Prerequisites
Knowledge of physics and basic knowledge of human biology

Assessment methods and criteria
Mark

Passing the oral examination
Recommended literature
  • Hálek, J. a kol. (2002). Biofyzika pro bakaláře. Olomouc: Vydavatelství UP.
  • Hrazdira, I. (1991). Biofyzika - Učebnice pro lékařské fakulty. Avicenum, Praha.
  • Hrazdira, I., Mornstein, V., Bourek, A., Škorpíková, J., & Mornstein, V. (2007). Fundamentals of biophysics and medical technology. Brno: Masarykova univerzita.
  • Kala, M.; Kubínek, R. (2000). Nemocnice aneb rukověť zvídavého pacienta. Rubico Olomouc.


Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Branch of study Category Recommended year of study Recommended semester
Faculty of Science Biophysics (2015) Physics courses 2 Summer
Faculty of Science Optometry (1) Health service 1 Summer
Faculty of Science Instrument Physics (1) Physics courses 2 Summer