Course: Physics and its Applications in some Fields of Study

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Course title Physics and its Applications in some Fields of Study
Course code KEF/PGSFV
Organizational form of instruction Lecture
Level of course Doctoral
Year of study not specified
Semester Winter and summer
Number of ECTS credits 15
Language of instruction Czech, English
Status of course unspecified
Form of instruction Face-to-face
Work placements This is not an internship
Recommended optional programme components None
Lecturer(s)
  • Kubínek Roman, doc. RNDr. CSc.
Course content
Introduction - scope and main aims of medical physics and its position in medicine Molecular biophysics - molecular properties of gases, liquids and solids, laws about gases and their meaning for breathing, solubility of gases in liquids, adsorption Viscosity of liquids and blood flow - water and its properties, distribution and role of water in organism, disperse systems (solutions), diffusion and osmosis, osmotic pressure and its biological importance, izotonia Biophysics of cells and biopotencials - Structure and properties of biological membrane, ion composition of body fluids, resting membrane potential, action potential, origin and propagation of action potential Intrinsic and mediated biosignals - sensors and detectors Action potential of heart and brain - function of conversion heart system, EKG scanning, basic profile of the curve, electric heart axis Byophysics of blood circulation - heart as a pump, minute heart output, blood pressure, behaviour and regulation, measurement of blood pressure Properties of blood and blood vessels - peripheral resistance, mechanic work and power of heart, transcapillary exchange of fluids, mechanism of swelling formation Biomechanics of breathing - vital capacity and pulmonary capacity, investigation methods of respiratory system Biophysics of sense perception - general principles, visual analyzer, colour and stereoscopic vision, vision defects and their corrections, acoustic analyzer, biophysics of hearing, investigation of ear, hearing defects and their corrections, audiometry Diagnostic physical methods in medicine (introduction) - CT, MRI, PET, SPECT, ultrasound diagnostics

Learning activities and teaching methods
Lecture
  • Attendace - 36 hours per semester
Learning outcomes
Diagnostic physical methods in medicine. Biosignals.
Evaluation Evaluate the particular methods and principles, explain the aspects and results concerning the given issue, integrate the knowledge, predict the solutions, evaluate the results and outcomes.
Prerequisites
Completed physical study

Assessment methods and criteria
Mark, Seminar Work

Ability of interdisciplinary orientation
Recommended literature
  • Chmelař,M. (1995). Lékařská přístrojová technika. CERM, Brno.
  • Kala, M.; Kubínek, R. (2000). Nemocnice aneb rukověť zvídavého pacienta. Rubico Olomouc.
  • Webster, J. G., Neuman, M. R., Peura, R. A., & Clark, J. W. (1998). Medical instrumentation: application and design. New York: John Wiley and Sons.


Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Branch of study Category Recommended year of study Recommended semester