Course: Instrumental Physics

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Course title Instrumental Physics
Course code KEF/PGSPF
Organizational form of instruction Lecture
Level of course Doctoral
Year of study not specified
Semester Winter and summer
Number of ECTS credits 20
Language of instruction Czech, English
Status of course unspecified
Form of instruction Face-to-face
Work placements This is not an internship
Recommended optional programme components None
  • Mašláň Miroslav, prof. RNDr. CSc.
Course content
Structure of the measuring chain, converters of physical quantities to electrical quantities, their static and dynamic characteristics and reduction of their errors Sensors (detectors, converters) of visible light radiation, thermal and photoelectric detectors (photoelectric cell, photomultiplier, photoresistor, photodiode) Sensors of temperature, resistive, semiconducting, thermoelectric, pyroelectric thermometers, IT90 temperature scale Detection of ionization radiation, scintillation, gaseous and semiconducting detectors, detection of charged particles, photon of gamma-rays, neutrons Noise of the measuring chain, transmission of a signal from a detector, principle of elimination of noisy influences Vacuum technique, methods of obtaining of vacuum, types of vacuum pumps, measurements of low pressures, construction of vacuum instruments Low-temperature measurements, methods of obtaining of low temperatures, specifications of measurements of low temperatures, cryostats Analog processing of signals from the detectors, types of amplifiers, measuring and charge-sensitive amplifier, integration and differentiation of signals, amplitude and time analysis of signals Digital processing of signals, multichannel amplitude analyzer, averaging of signals, measurement of correlation and autocorrelation functions Digital-to-analog and analog-to-digital converters Digital measuring instruments, digital oscilloscopes, measurement of time, frequency and phase shift, spectral analyzers Automated measuring systems (CAMAC, NIM, VXI), virtual measuring instruments Measurement of weak signal, synchronous detection, synchronous detection in optical measurements, method of photon counting Use of ionization radiation in the research, neutron activation analysis, roentgen-fluorescent analysis, Mössbauer spectroscopy Tunneling scanning microscopy and other derived methods

Learning activities and teaching methods
Lecture, Dialogic Lecture (Discussion, Dialog, Brainstorming)
Learning outcomes
Sensors. Detection of ionization radiation, scintillation, gaseous and semiconducting detectors, detection of charged particles, photon of gamma-rays, neutrons. Noise of the measuring chain. Construction of vacuum instruments. Analog processing of signals from the detectors.
Students will obtain an overview about basic kind of instruments, which serve to physical experiments. Students will understnad the principles of the instruments and will be able to apply them in experimental practice.

Assessment methods and criteria
Mark, Oral exam

Knowledge in the range of the programme of the subject. Particular requirements and recommended literature will be determined by the guarantee of the subject.
Recommended literature
  • Ďaďo, S., Kreidl, M. (1996). Senzory a měřící obvody. ČVUT Praha.
  • Dubravcová V. (1992). Vákuová a ultra vakuová technika. ALFA, Bratislava.
  • Gerndt, J. (1994). Detektory ionizujícího záření. ČVUT Praha.
  • Jelínek J., Málek Z. (1996). Kryogenní technika. SNTL Praha.
  • Mašláň M. (1992). Mössbauerova spektroskopie. Olomouc.
  • Mašláň M., Žák D. (1996). Analogové obvody. Olomouc.
  • Mašláň M., Žák D. (1994). Logické obvody. Olomouc.
  • Pátý L., Petr J. (1990). Vakuová technika. ČVUT, Praha.
  • Vedral, J.; Fischer, J. (1999). Elektronické obvody pro měřicí techniku. ČVUT, Praha.

Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Branch of study Category Recommended year of study Recommended semester