Course: Selected Lessons in Contemporary Physics

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Course title Selected Lessons in Contemporary Physics
Course code KEF/VPSF
Organizational form of instruction Lecture
Level of course Master
Year of study not specified
Semester Winter
Number of ECTS credits 4
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course Compulsory-optional, Optional
Form of instruction Face-to-face
Work placements This is not an internship
Recommended optional programme components None
  • Richterek Lukáš, Mgr. Ph.D.
  • Holubová Renata, RNDr. CSc.
  • Opatrný Tomáš, prof. RNDr. Dr.
Course content
Friedmann cosmological models: Basic principles of relativistic cosmology, Friedmann equation, Robertson-Walker metrics, density and pressure, Hubble law, light propagation in Friedmann models, observational parameters of the universe, future of the universe, age of the observed objects, photometric distance and Hubble diagrams. Basics of quantum information: Moore's law and the limits of computation, the idea of quantum computation. Problems of constructing a quantum computer. Quantum bits, gates, reversibility of quantum computation, combination of quantum gates, quantum Fourier transform. Shor algorithm, factorization of numbers. Grover algorithm, search in unordered lists. Quantum cryptography, entanglement, quantum teleportation. An important part of the subject are presentations in which students inform on new ideas they read in contemporary scientific literature and discuss with their peers.

Learning activities and teaching methods
Lecture, Dialogic Lecture (Discussion, Dialog, Brainstorming), Work with Text (with Book, Textbook)
  • Homework for Teaching - 20 hours per semester
  • Preparation for the Course Credit - 20 hours per semester
  • Attendace - 52 hours per semester
Learning outcomes
Bring to the students selected ideas of modern physical disciplines: basic ideas of standard cosmological model and quantum information theory. Improve their ability to get information of new results from contemporary literature and discuss it with their peers.
Comprehension Explain the essence of data and be able to interpret them, recognize and classify the given problem, predict the behaviour of the given phenomena.
Mathematics: vector calculus, derivatives, integrals. Physics: classical mechanics, relativity, quantum mechanics.

Assessment methods and criteria
Analysis of linguistic, Didactic Test, Dialog

Test from the field of Friedmann cosmological models. Test from the field of quantum information. Two presentations based on reading modern scientific literature.
Recommended literature
  • & Berman, G. P. (1998). Introduction to quantum computers. New Jersey: World Scientific.
  • Nature.
  • Physical Review Letters.
  • Science.
  • Feynman. (2000). Přednášky z fyziky 1-3. Fragment Praha.
  • Hartle, J.B. (2003). Gravity: An introduction to Einstein's general relativity. Addison Wesley, San Francisco.
  • Liddle, A. R. (1999). An introduction to modern cosmology. Chichester: John Wiley and Sons.
  • Ryden B. (2003). Introduction to Cosmology. San Francisco.
  • Scully M. O. and Zubairy M. S. (1997). Quantum Optics. Cambridge Univ.

Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Branch of study Category Recommended year of study Recommended semester
Faculty of Science General Physics and Mathematical Physics (1) Physics courses 3 Winter
Faculty of Science Teaching Training in Physics for Secondary Schools (2015) Pedagogy, teacher training and social care 2 Winter