Lecturer(s)


Richterek Lukáš, Mgr. Ph.D.

Holubová Renata, RNDr. CSc.

Opatrný Tomáš, prof. RNDr. Dr.

Course content

Friedmann cosmological models: Basic principles of relativistic cosmology, Friedmann equation, RobertsonWalker metrics, density and pressure, Hubble law, light propagation in Friedmann models, observational parameters of the universe, future of the universe, age of the observed objects, photometric distance and Hubble diagrams. Basics of quantum information: Moore's law and the limits of computation, the idea of quantum computation. Problems of constructing a quantum computer. Quantum bits, gates, reversibility of quantum computation, combination of quantum gates, quantum Fourier transform. Shor algorithm, factorization of numbers. Grover algorithm, search in unordered lists. Quantum cryptography, entanglement, quantum teleportation. An important part of the subject are presentations in which students inform on new ideas they read in contemporary scientific literature and discuss with their peers.

Learning activities and teaching methods

Lecture, Dialogic Lecture (Discussion, Dialog, Brainstorming), Work with Text (with Book, Textbook)
 Homework for Teaching
 20 hours per semester
 Preparation for the Course Credit
 20 hours per semester
 Attendace
 52 hours per semester

Learning outcomes

Bring to the students selected ideas of modern physical disciplines: basic ideas of standard cosmological model and quantum information theory. Improve their ability to get information of new results from contemporary literature and discuss it with their peers.
Comprehension Explain the essence of data and be able to interpret them, recognize and classify the given problem, predict the behaviour of the given phenomena.

Prerequisites

Mathematics: vector calculus, derivatives, integrals. Physics: classical mechanics, relativity, quantum mechanics.

Assessment methods and criteria

Analysis of linguistic, Didactic Test, Dialog
Test from the field of Friedmann cosmological models. Test from the field of quantum information. Two presentations based on reading modern scientific literature.

Recommended literature


& Berman, G. P. (1998). Introduction to quantum computers. New Jersey: World Scientific.

Nature.

Physical Review Letters.

Science.

Feynman. (2000). Přednášky z fyziky 13. Fragment Praha.

Hartle, J.B. (2003). Gravity: An introduction to Einstein's general relativity. Addison Wesley, San Francisco.

Liddle, A. R. (1999). An introduction to modern cosmology. Chichester: John Wiley and Sons.

Ryden B. (2003). Introduction to Cosmology. San Francisco.

Scully M. O. and Zubairy M. S. (1997). Quantum Optics. Cambridge Univ.
