Course: Fundamentals of Nanotechnology 1

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Course title Fundamentals of Nanotechnology 1
Course code KEF/ZN1
Organizational form of instruction Lecture
Level of course Master
Year of study not specified
Semester Winter
Number of ECTS credits 2
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course Compulsory-optional
Form of instruction Face-to-face
Work placements This is not an internship
Recommended optional programme components None
  • Machala Libor, doc. RNDr. Ph.D.
  • Vůjtek Milan, Mgr. Ph.D.
  • Tuček Jiří, doc. Mgr. Ph.D.
Course content
1. Introduction to nanotechnology ? Definition of nanotechnology, brief history (applications, contexts) ? Kinds of nanomaterials ? Context with quantum physics ? Basic processes of nanomaterial syntheses 2. Physical basics of nanotechnology ? Quantum limitations, surface effect ? Scaling laws (effect of lowering on physical properties) ? Limits of size 3. Nanoparticles I: structure ? FCC, BCC and other related ? Clusters and magic numbers ? Optical properties ? Different types of clusters 4. Nanoparticles II: synthesis and applications ? Characterization of nanoparticles, particle size distribution ? Methods of preparation of nanoparticles (sol-gel, from gas phase, thermal decomposition, laser ablation etc.) ? A control of particle size distribution, stabilization ? Selected applications 5. Nanofilms ? Metods of synthesis of thin layers (CVD, sputtering, MBE etc.) ? Characterization of thin films ? Selected applications 6. Nanowires ? Properites of nanowires ? Balistic transport ? Methods of synthesis of nanorods (VLS synthesis) ? Application of nanorods 7. Carbon nanostructures ? Hybridization of carbon, unconventional bonds, bulk carbon structures ? Graphen and its electrical conductivity ? Carbon nanotubes ? fullerens ? carbon quantum dots and nanodiamonds 8. Nanocomposites and porous materials ? Definition of nanocomposites, differences from microcomposites ? Bulk nanostructure materials ? Nanocomposite glasses ? Porous silicon ? zeolites 9. Physical forces in nanoworld ? van der Waals forces and their nature ? Casimir force ? Hydrogen bond ? Other intersurface forces 10. Litography I ? Basics of litography ? rezists ? litography by using of beams (FIB, EBL) 11. Scanning probe nanolitography ? Local anodic oxidation ? dip-pen nanolitography 12. One-electron tunneling and Coulomb blockade 13. Selfordering and bottom-up techniques ? Principles of selfordering and selforganization ? Selfordered monolayers and other structures ? DNA nanolitography

Learning activities and teaching methods
  • Attendace - 26 hours per semester
  • Preparation for the Exam - 34 hours per semester
  • Homework for Teaching - 10 hours per semester
Learning outcomes
The aim of the subject is to familiarize students with basic kinds of nanomaterials and nanostructures, their physical ways of preparation and methods of analysis of their properties. Students are further informed about various applications of nanomaterials and nanostructures.
Knowledge To define the basic types of nanomaterials, nanostructures, and methods of their synthesis and applications.
Fundamentals of quantum physics

Assessment methods and criteria
Mark, Oral exam

Knowledge in the range of lecture content. Regular visit of the lectures is strongly recommended.
Recommended literature
  • Bassasi, F.; Pastori Parravicini, G. (1975). Electronic and Optical Properties of Solids. Pergamon Press.
  • Borisenko, V.E., Ossicini, S. (2004). What is What in the Nanoworld. A Handbook of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology. Wiley-VCh, Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinhein.
  • Poole Ch.P, Owens F.J. (2003). Introduction to Nanotechnology. John Wiley & Sons, New Jersey.
  • Singleton, J. (2001). Band Theory and Electronic Properties of Solids. Oxford University Press.

Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Branch of study Category Recommended year of study Recommended semester
Faculty of Science Applied Physics (2015) Physics courses 1 Winter