Course: Scientific Thought and Logic

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Course title Scientific Thought and Logic
Course code KFI/VML
Organizational form of instruction Seminary
Level of course Bachelor
Year of study not specified
Semester Winter and summer
Number of ECTS credits 4
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course Compulsory-optional
Form of instruction Face-to-face
Work placements This is not an internship
Recommended optional programme components None
Lecturer(s)
  • Číhalová Martina, PhDr. Ph.D.
Course content
The main principles of scientific thinking: - the principle of causality, - causality vs. coincidence - applications of the probability theory - applications of statistical methods - justification of hypothesis - experimental method: main principles and its limitation. Reasoning fallacies: - causality fallacies, - fallacies in applications of statistical methods - fallacies in applications of the probability theory Formal theories: - Pean's arithmetic - Theories of relations The resolution method and its application on theorems inferring from the axioms of formal theory Completeness and correctness of logical calculus Specifications of completeness vs. incompleteness of formal theory

Learning activities and teaching methods
Dialogic Lecture (Discussion, Dialog, Brainstorming)
Learning outcomes
Get an overview of the given topic.
Students will be able to characterize the main principles of scientific thinking. They will be able to assess scientific character of theory via the necessary conditions which a theory must meet to be considered scientific. Further, they will be able to explain and detect some of the fallacies that can be made during the scientific hypothesis formation. They will obtain an elementary idea of formal theories and be able to infer theorems from axioms of formal theory using the resolution method.
Prerequisites
Studying do not depend on attending another subject.

Assessment methods and criteria
Mark

Three nonattendance are allowed, students must succesfully pass the preliminary and exam test.
Recommended literature
  • Beebee, H., Hitchcock, Ch., Menzies, P. (2012). The Oxford Handbook of Causation. Oxford.
  • Douglas N. Walton. (1989). Informal Logic, A Handbook for Critical Argumentation..
  • Duží, M. Logika pro informatiky (a příbuzné obory).
  • Fajkus, B. (2005). Filosofie a metodologie vědy.


Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Branch of study Category Recommended year of study Recommended semester
Faculty of Arts Philosophy (2015) Philosophy, theology - Summer
Faculty of Arts Philosophy (2015) Philosophy, theology - Summer
Sts Cyril and Methodius Faculty of Theology Philosophy (2011) Philosophy, theology - Summer