Course: Sedimentology

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Course title Sedimentology
Course code KGE/SEDG
Organizational form of instruction Lecture
Level of course Master
Year of study not specified
Semester Winter
Number of ECTS credits 2
Language of instruction Czech, English
Status of course Compulsory-optional, Optional
Form of instruction Face-to-face
Work placements This is not an internship
Recommended optional programme components None
Course availability The course is available to visiting students
Lecturer(s)
  • Dolníček Zdeněk, RNDr. Ph.D.
  • Bábek Ondřej, prof. Mgr. Dr.
Course content
1. Introduction to sedimentology (extension, philosophy and practical importance of the discipline), basic terminology: sediment, facies, facies model, sediment provenance, stratigraphy and cyclicity, differences between carbonate and siliciclastic sediments) 2. Sedimentary petrography (classification of sedimentary rocks - carbonates and siliciclastic sediments, features of sedimentary grains, composition, colour, roundness, grain size analysis, provenance analysis, diagenesis and diagenetic environment, main cement types) 3. Formation, mechanics of transport and deposition of solid matter grains, sedimentary textures and mechanics of their formation 4. Clastic sediments and their facies models (terrestric sedimentary environments and their facies models) 5. Clastic sediments and their facies models (transitional and shallow marine sedimentary environments and their facies models) 6. Carbonate sediments and their facies models 7. Spatial and temporal relations between depositional systems, autocyclicity and allocyclicity, depositional sekquences and sequential stratigraphy, main factors influencing the stratigraphy of depositional sequences: eustasy, tectonics, sediment supply 8. Classification of sedimentary basins, their tectonic regime and principal depositional systems 9. Instrumental methods of sedimentary rocks study, (optical polarisation microscopy, cathodoluminiscence microscopy, SEM and EDX, XRD, isotope geochemistry, marine sedimentology, borehole analysis, seismic profiles and seismic facies, side-scan sonar, etc.) 10. Presentation of examples of complex sedimentological studies from literature.

Learning activities and teaching methods
Lecture, Monologic Lecture(Interpretation, Training), Dialogic Lecture (Discussion, Dialog, Brainstorming)
  • Attendace - 24 hours per semester
  • Preparation for the Exam - 12 hours per semester
Learning outcomes
Introduction to sedimentology, its methods and models.
The students should be able to: - recall the basic terminology used in sedimentology - classify the carbonate and siliciclastic sediments - explain the significance of the features of sedimentary grains cement types for provenance analysis and characterization of diagenetic environment - describe the formation, mechanics of transport and deposition of sediment grains, sedimentary textures and mechanics of their formation - describe facies models of clastic and carbonate sediments - explain spatial and temporal relations between depositional systems, their cyclicity - describe main factors influencing the stratigraphy of depositional sequences: (eustasy, tectonics, sediment supply) - classify sedimentary basins, define their tectonic regime and depositional system - explain how can instrumental methods be utilized in the study of sedimentary rocks
Prerequisites
Basic knowledge of external geological processes, paleontology and historical geology.
KGE/OGL

Assessment methods and criteria
Written exam

Written test on themes taught
Recommended literature
  • Einsele, G. (1992). Sedimentary Basins. Springer Verlag, Berlin.
  • Hsü, K. (2003). Physics of sedimentology. Springer Verlag, Berlin.
  • Kukal, Z. (1986). Základy sedimentologie. Academia, Praha, 466 s.
  • Tucker, M. (ed.). (1988). Techniques in sedimentology. Blackwell, Oxford.


Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Branch of study Category Recommended year of study Recommended semester
Faculty of Science Environmental Geology (2014) Geology courses - Winter