Course: Thinking about the language in the classification of knowledge

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Course title Thinking about the language in the classification of knowledge
Course code KOL/92BMJ
Organizational form of instruction Seminar
Level of course Doctoral
Year of study not specified
Semester Winter and summer
Number of ECTS credits 10
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course Optional
Form of instruction Face-to-face
Work placements This is not an internship
Recommended optional programme components None
Lecturer(s)
  • Kořenský Jan, prof. PhDr. DrSc.
  • Nagy Marek, Mgr. Ph.D.
Course content
(1) Classifying the knowledge base: science and knowledge, classification approaches, basic concepts, present state of research (2) The origin of classification and its development from the Ancient times up to the late 16th century (3) Modern classifications in the age of the encyclopaedia (4) The 19th century climax and decline of classification efforts (5) The nature of ancient thoughts on language in the general scheme of knowledge (shown on Sextus Empiricus) (6) Medieval and renaissance linguistic thinking amidst the changes in education patterns (7) Linguistic thinking in the 17th century: historia naturalis and the nature of language (8) 18th century linguistics: the science of the general and the specific, the science of the origin (9) Early 19th century linguistics: languages in the age of natural sciences (10) Late 19th century linguistics: the matter of method, the matter of independence

Learning activities and teaching methods
Monologic Lecture(Interpretation, Training), Dialogic Lecture (Discussion, Dialog, Brainstorming)
Learning outcomes
The course is a foray into the historical development of linguistics, placing it against the background of the knowledge scheme typical for each of the covered periods. Students will be introduced to the long string of attempts to classify linguistics as a part of the knowledge body, starting in the ancient world (Plato, Aristotle, the Stoics, Sextus Empiricus), through the medieval and renaissance classification efforts (R. Bacon, St. Bonaventura, Dante, Peter Rasmus), up to the heyday of the 17th century (Bacon, Alsted, Commenius, Leibniz), 18th century (Chambers, Diderot & d'Alembert) and, most significantly, 19th century (Bentham, Ampere, Comte, Spencer, Whevel, Masaryk, Wundt, Pearson). Having established this as a background, we will be able to start looking at the status of linguistics from the following points of view: (1) that of those who authored the classifications, (2a) that that is found in the linguistically-inclined texts from the given period, and (2b) that of those scholars (linguistically oriented or otherwise) who specifically discussed classifications (notably: Bopp, Grimm, Schleicher, Müller, Whitney, Paul, Wundt, Gabelentz). Looking at the formation of linguistics (its nature, its goals and tasks) as an independent scholarly discipline in the broad context of the knowledge/science development, we will be able to reconstruct where it came from and how it became the modern field of science it is today.
Have understanding of the historical development of linguistic thinking in the context of the then-prevalent schemes of knowledge base and nature of the learning process.
Prerequisites
unspecified

Assessment methods and criteria
Student performance

" regular class attendance (80%) " reading assignments " writing assignment (historiographic essay / encyclopedic entry / commented translation)
Recommended literature
  • BURKE, P. (2007). Společnost a vědění: od Gutenberga k Diderotovi. Praha: Karolinum.
  • Burke, P. (2013). Spoolečnost a vědění II: Od Encyklopedie k Wikipedii. Praha.
  • Davies, A. M. (1998). History of linguistics. Volume 4: Nineteenth century linguistics..
  • Dolby, R. G. A. Classification of the Sciences: The Nineteenth Century Tradition. In Roy. F. Ellen and David Reason (eds.): Classifications in Their Social Context . London: Academic Press 1979, s. 167-193..
  • Fisher, N. The Classification of the Sciences. In: R.C. Olby, G. N. Cantor, J. R. R. Christie and M. J. S. Hodge (eds.): Companion to the History of Modern Science. London: Routledge 1989, s. 853-868.
  • Flint, R. (1904). Philosophy as scientia scientiarum and A History of classifications of the sciences. Edinburgh.
  • Harris, R., & Taylor, T. J. (1997). Landmarks in linguistic thought. London: Routledge.
  • Koerner, E. F. K.?Asher, R. E. (1995). Concise History of the Language Sciences. Oxford.
  • Law, V. (2008). The history of linguistics in Europe. From Plato to 1600. Cambridge.
  • Lepschy, G. (ed.). History of linguistics. Volume 1: The eastern traditions of linguistics. Longman 1994..
  • Lepschy, G. (ed.). History of linguistics. Volume 2: Classical and medieval linguistics. Longman 1994..
  • Lepschy, G. (ed.). (1997). History of linguistics. Volume 3: Renaissance and Early Modern Linguistics.
  • Sériot, P. (2002). Struktura a celek. Intelektuální počátky strukturalismu ve východní Evropě. Praha.
  • Yeo, R. Classifying the Sciences. In Roy Porter (ed): Cambridge History of Science: Volume 4, The Eighteenth Century. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2003, s. 241-266..


Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Branch of study Category Recommended year of study Recommended semester
Faculty of Arts Czech Literature (12) Philological sciences - -
Faculty of Arts Czech Language (13) Philological sciences - -
Faculty of Arts English Language (13) Philological sciences - -
Faculty of Arts Andragogy (16) Pedagogy, teacher training and social care - -
Faculty of Arts Dutch Philology (16) Philological sciences - -
Faculty of Arts Politology (12) Social sciences - -
Faculty of Arts English and American Literature (12) Philological sciences - -
Faculty of Arts English and American Literature (12) Philological sciences - -
Faculty of Arts English Language (15) Philological sciences - -
Faculty of Arts Clinical Psychology (12) Psychology courses - -
Faculty of Arts Theory and History of Literature, Theatre and Film (12) Theory and history of arts - -
Faculty of Arts Philosophy (16) Philosophy, theology - -
Faculty of Arts Czech History (12) History courses - -
Faculty of Arts Politology (14) Social sciences - -
Faculty of Arts Sociology (12) Social sciences - -
Faculty of Arts Sociology (12) Social sciences - -
Faculty of Arts English Language (13) Philological sciences - -
Faculty of Arts English Language (12) Philological sciences - -
Faculty of Arts Czech Language (13) Philological sciences - -
Faculty of Arts Romance literature (12) Philological sciences - -
Faculty of Arts Pedagogical Psychology (12) Psychology courses - -
Faculty of Arts Theory and History of Arts (12) Theory and history of arts - -
Faculty of Arts Theory and History of Arts (12) Theory and history of arts - -
Faculty of Arts Media and Cultural Studies (14) Journalism, library science and informatics - -
Faculty of Arts Romance Languages (12) Philological sciences - -
Faculty of Arts English Language (12) Philological sciences - -
Faculty of Arts Romance Languages (12) Philological sciences - -
Faculty of Arts General Linguistics and Theory of Communication (12) Philological sciences - -
Faculty of Arts German Literature (12) Philological sciences - -
Faculty of Arts Romance Languages (14) Philological sciences - -
Faculty of Arts Clinical Psychology (12) Psychology courses - -
Faculty of Arts Pedagogical Psychology (12) Psychology courses - -
Faculty of Arts Theory of Literature (12) Theory and history of arts - -
Faculty of Arts Russian Language (12) Philological sciences - -
Faculty of Arts Languages and Culture of China and Japan (15) Philological sciences - -
Faculty of Arts The Theory and History of Music (12) Theory and history of arts - -
Faculty of Arts Czech History (12) History courses - -
Faculty of Arts World History (12) History courses - -
Faculty of Arts Czech Language (12) Philological sciences - -
Faculty of Arts General Linguistics and Theory of Communication (13) Philological sciences - -
Faculty of Arts Comparative Slavonic Philology (12) Philological sciences - -
Faculty of Arts Theory and History of Music (12) Theory and history of arts - -
Faculty of Arts Czech Language (12) Philological sciences - -
Faculty of Arts General Linguistics and Theory of Communication (13) Philological sciences - -
Faculty of Arts General Linguistics and Theory of Communication (12) Philological sciences - -
Faculty of Arts Russian Literatura (12) Philological sciences - -
Faculty of Arts World History (12) History courses - -
Faculty of Arts Czech Literature (12) Philological sciences - -
Faculty of Arts German Language (12) Philological sciences - -
Faculty of Arts Theory and History of Literature, Theatre and Film (12) Theory and history of arts - -
Faculty of Arts Theory of Literature (12) Theory and history of arts - -
Faculty of Arts - (16) Economy - -