Course: Biophysics

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Course title Biophysics
Course code KPK/BIOF
Organizational form of instruction Lecture + Exercise
Level of course Master
Year of study not specified
Semester Winter and summer
Number of ECTS credits 1
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course Compulsory
Form of instruction Face-to-face
Work placements This is not an internship
Recommended optional programme components None
  • Krejčí Jakub, RNDr. Ph.D.
Course content
1. Definition and aims of biophysics. Methods of biophysical analysis. 2. Bioenergetics, thermodynamic system, law of thermodynamics. Entropy and thermodynamics of living organisms. 3. Biocybernetics, cybernetic system. Transmission and transition responses. Basic cybernetic systems and connections. Control circuits, modelling of control of upright standing position. 4. Theory of information, information channel, redundant information. 5. Body temperature, physical mechanisms of heat exchange. Heat balance, thermoregulation mechanisms. 6. Ultrasound and its properties. Biological effects and medical applications. 7. Tissue impedance, measurement methods. Bioimpedance and body composition analysis. 8. Electric current and magnetic field. Biological effects and medical applications. Irritation of tissues by electric impulses. 9. Electromagnetic field, spectrum, properties. Biological effects and medical applications. 10. Laser, principles of functioning. Properties and biological effects of laser radiation, medical applications. 11. Action potential. Origination and propagation of action potential in muscles and myocardium. EMG and ECG. 12. Monitoring of biosignals. Oscilloscope, measurement of frequency and amplitude of signals. 13. Heart rate, heart rate variability, spectral analysis. Assessment of the training process.

Learning activities and teaching methods
Monologic Lecture(Interpretation, Training), Demonstration
  • Attendace - 26 hours per semester
Learning outcomes
The aim is to get basic knowledge of biophysics with an emphasis on the explanation of the effects of physical factors on the human body and biophysical principles of diagnostic and therapeutic devices. Information about this course was translated to English within the project Internationalization of the Faculty of Physical Culture, Palacký University, Olomouc, No. CZ.1.07/2.2.00/28.0028, co-funded by the European Social Fund and the Government of the Czech Republic.
The student has a basic theoretical overview in the area of biophysics, and can define basic concepts and describe main approaches. The student can describe physical principles of diagnostic and therapeutic devices used in own study specialization.
Secondary school knowledge of biology, physics and mathematics.

Assessment methods and criteria

Minimum attendance in seminars 75%.
Recommended literature
  • Glaser, R. (2012). Biophysics, an introduction. Dordrecht: Springer.
  • Hálek, J. et al. (2002). Biofyzika pro bakaláře. Olomouc: Univerzita Palackého.
  • Hrazdira, I., & Mornstein, V. (2001). Lékařská biofyzika a přístrojová technika. Brno: Neptun.
  • Javorka, K. (2008). Variabilita frekvencie srdca. Martin: Osveta.
  • Navrátil, L., Rosina, J. et al. (2005). Medicínská biofyzika. Praha: Grada Publishing.

Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Branch of study Category Recommended year of study Recommended semester
Faculty of Physical Culture Physical Education and Sports (2016) Physical education and sport 2 Winter
Faculty of Physical Culture Physical Education and Sports (2011) Physical education and sport 2 Winter