Course: Atom Optics

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Course title Atom Optics
Course code OPT/ATO
Organizational form of instruction Lecture + Exercise
Level of course Master
Year of study not specified
Semester Summer
Number of ECTS credits 5
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course Compulsory, Compulsory-optional
Form of instruction Face-to-face
Work placements This is not an internship
Recommended optional programme components None
Lecturer(s)
  • Opatrný Tomáš, prof. RNDr. Dr.
  • Saberi Hamed, Mgr. Ph.D.
Course content
Overview of modern experiments in atomic optics: atomic clocks, masers, cooling of atoms, optical and magnetic traps, Bose - Einstein condensation, optical lattices, atom interferometry, magnetometry, quantum science with individual atoms and atom files. Interaction of atoms and optical radiation, description of the interaction using basic types of Hamiltonians: dipole approximation, the rotating wave approximation. Quantization of the electromagnetic field in free space. A two-level atom in a single-mode field, dressed states, Bloch equations, Rabbi oscillations, resonance fluorescence, Mollow splitting. Applications for the maser and atomic clocks. A two-level atom interacting with a multi-mode field; Wigner-Weisskopf theory of spontaneous emission. Homogeneous and inhomogeneous spectral line width. Optical field with modified spectra, photonic crystals, whispering gallery mode resonators, Zeno and anti-Zeno effect. Mikromasers, evidence of quantization of electromagnetic fields in resonators. Atom trapped in a field of a single photon. Multi-atomic systems interacting with a single-mode optical field. Dicke states, superradiance and superfluorescence. Self-induced transparency, optical solitons in resonant environments. Model of a multi-state atom, fine and hyperfine structure. Clebsch-Gordan coefficients, Stark shift, Raman scattering and STIRAP, electromagnetically induced transparency. Application for magnetometry and quantum information processing. Methods of atom cooling. Doppler cooling, optical traps, optical lattices, magneto-optical traps, magnetic traps, sisyphus cooling, evaporative cooling. Bose Einstein condensation of atomic gases, condensation of fermionic gases. Interaction of atoms through electromagnetic radiation, dipole-dipole interaction, laser-induced dipole-dipole interaction, switching between a superfluid phase and Mott insulator phase. Quantum information science with cold atoms.

Learning activities and teaching methods
Lecture
  • Attendace - 39 hours per semester
  • Homework for Teaching - 50 hours per semester
  • Preparation for the Exam - 25 hours per semester
Learning outcomes
Overview of modern experiments in atomic optics, understand basic principles of the most important phenomena.
Explain the essence of data and be able to interpret them, recognize and classify the given problem, predict the behaviour of the given phenomena.
Prerequisites
Basics of atom physics, quantum mechanics.

Assessment methods and criteria
Mark

After each lecture to solve selected problems and discuss their solutions with the teacher and other students. Exam: discussion about the solved problems, putting them into broader context.
Recommended literature
  • Bachor, H. A. (1998). A guide to experiments in quantum optics. Weinheim: Wiley-VCH.
  • Budker, D., Kimball, D. F., & DeMille, D. P. (2004). Atomic physics: an exploration through problems and solutions. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Feynman, R. P., Gottlieb, M. A., Leighton, R., Sands, M., Leighton, R. B., Vogt, R. E., & Štoll, I. (2007). Feynmanovy přednášky z fyziky: doplněk k Feynmanovým přednáškám z fyziky. Havlíčkův Brod: Fragment.
  • Feynmann R.P. (2003). Feynmannovy přednášky z fyziky I.-III.. Fragment.
  • Formánek, J. (2000). Úvod do relativistické kvantové mechaniky a kvantové teorie pole. Karolinum, Praha.
  • Haroche, S., & Raimond, J. M. (2006). Exploring the quantum: atoms, cavities and photons. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Metcalf, H. J., & Straten, P. (1999). Laser cooling and trapping. New York: Springer.
  • Pitajevskij, L. P., & Stringari, S. (2003). Bose-Einstein condensation. Oxford: Clarendon Press.


Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Branch of study Category Recommended year of study Recommended semester
Faculty of Science Optics and Optoelectronics (2015) Physics courses 2 Summer
Faculty of Science General Physics and Mathematical Physics (2014) Physics courses 2 Summer